Programs, usually within the formal education system, that offer content area instruction in two languages: the first language of students and the language of the majority culture. Attention is focused on developing the academic skills of minority students while they learn the language of the majority culture. Included are bilingual education programs that serve as a transition to instruction exclusively in the language of the majority culture and dual language instruction programs whose objective is to develop full literacy in both languages.
Programs, which may be available via the Internet, that help individuals prepare for the Test of English as a Foreign Language, an examination which tests the English language proficiency of international students planning to study in Canada, the U.S. or other countries where English is the language of instruction.
Organizations that are actively seeking individuals with the requisite skills and experience who are willing to teach non-English and limited-English speaking individuals English language skills on a voluntary basis without remuneration. Participants learn listening, speaking, reading and writing skills with an emphasis on developing the level of communication competence that is essential for adults who are living in a setting in which English is the primary language used.
The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles: Copyright Notice.